PART I Step 1: Introduction "Students, we have found a man wandering in the Texas desert, claiming that he is one of the few survivors of a massacre that occurred in the spring of 1836. The Library of Congress describes primary sources as "raw materials of history-original documents and objects which were created at the time under study." An intention error may creep in when effort is made to modify, supplement or continue the original. They often involve generalisation, synthesis, interpretation, commentary or evaluation in an attempt to convince the reader of the creator's argument. In the quest for sources, students will learn how to use primary and secondary sources to investigate history and will explore and appreciate the individuals behind these sources. But the dependable testimony depends on a number of factors such as ability and willing to tell the truth, accuracy of report and independent corroboration. Books by historians, articles in academic journals, and literature review articles are common secondary sources. Secondary Sources describe, discuss, interpret, comment upon, analyze, evaluate, summarize, and process primary sources. It is the duty of the historian to doubt every statement until it has been critically tested. Primary Sources – Definition A primary source is an original, "first-hand", or "eye-witness" account offering an inside view. A secondary source is something that analyzes or interprets a primary source. Primary sources are typically the raw materials or the original content, providing a first-hand account of the events. Secondary sources were created by someone who did not experience firsthand or participate in the events or conditions you’re researching. The primary sources can be classified into the following categories: These types of primary sources are in the form of the instruction documents, stenographic and phonographic records. A primary source is the evidence of an eye witness or mechanical device which was present at the time of the occurrence of an event. The meaning of words often changes from generation to generation. monotheistic religions/Middle East. Secondary sources, on the other hand, are one step removed from the original content. (Realize your students could get very caught up in the why and how of this man's existence. The historical sources can be of two types, i.e. As you can imagine, you can't write history without sources as you would be making this up (which is good in historical fiction, but rather problematic when it comes to serious history.) Secondary Sources. In the modern publications year and place of publication is indicated on the book or document on the title page or back side (over leaf). Novels, poems. They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources. Government documents. A secondary source is a book or article that analyzes the primary sources written by and for other researchers. They are raw materials with a direct relationship to whatever is being studied. Definition, Usage, Examples in Advertising, 6 Skills Students Need to Succeed in Social Studies Classes, Documentation in Reports and Research Papers, Ancient Sources on Persian or Iranian History, How to Determine a Reliable Source on the Internet, M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University. It includes examinations of document like manuscripts, books, pamphlets, maps, inscriptions and monuments. A primary source is something that was created at the time of an event or by someone who was at an event. Dangers of using too many secondary sources in history writing Skills Practiced. On the basis of this knowledge, he can utilize the contemporary document at relevant place and can correct the secondary sources. Secondary sources can, however, cite both primary sources and secondary sources. Also, use this PowerPoint to introduce the concept of bias which can affect the way we use certain sources. They tell us about the aspirations, superstitions and customs of the people among whom- the stories developed, e.g. The public reports are meant for general public and less reliable. The benefits of using primary sources in the classroom have long been known to social studies teachers and education leaders. The Business and legal letters consists of the bills, journals, leases, wills, tax records which gives an insight into the working of the firms as well as the persons. Sources are our way of peering into the past, but the various kinds all present their own benefits and difficulties. Primary sources of history include newspapers, books, and letters from the time period being studied as well as artifacts like artwork and tools, and generally help create the secondary sources. 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